This field aims to both protect and treat children's deciduous and permanent teeth. It follows the development of the chin face area of the children and takes protective measures since infancy. Dentist checks starting from 6 months-1 years of age continue every 6 months and the effect of teeth on the growing jaw bones is assessed. The parent and child are given detailed information about the child's nutrition and oral hygiene education. The parent needs to help children until they are able to brush teeth by themselves.
Long-term use of pacifiers and bottles may cause jaw and tooth disorders in children. During the night's sleep, especially after 1 year of feeding with sugar or honey milk, children develop common caries and these teeth may have to be extracted earlier ages at which they should fall, and eventually orthodontic treatment may be needed.
The most common preventive treatments for pediatric patients include fissure sealants and fluoride. Fissure sealant practice is the filling of the recessed surfaces which may cause the most frequent caries, with a fluid filling material. In the case of fluoride application, the liquid fluoride is not applied to the teeth and waited, fluoride is charged to teeth and teeth become more resistant to caries. Depending on the caries activity of the child, it should be performed by the dentist every 6 months.